The City and Citizen
The history of the local administrative organization that will either provide the services needed by the citizens, or that will ease their accessibility of the spatial organization, which is defined by the city, can be separated into 3 main periods for our country. The Ottoman period (1299-1839), during which local traditional organizations such as foundations, guilds, neighborhoods took active part in the operation of urban or municipal services; the Tanzimat reform era (1839-1923), during which the aforementioned services were contemporarily re-organized; and the Republic period (after 1923) during which new legislative arrangements of the new state were made, the organization regarding the mentioned services are developed...